An NOL is the excess of allowable deductions over gross income, computed under the law in effect for the loss year, with required adjustments. Say what????
A Net Operating Loss can apply to individuals, partnerships, and corporations. The NOL from a pass-through entity will be reported on form 1040 of the shareholders/members. Taxpayers entitled to the carryback and carryover privilege include corporations, individuals, estates and trusts, and partners.
A Net Operating Loss attributed to an individual is a quite complicated. This typically occurs with individuals with large holdings, such as real estate and business ownership. The taxpayer will default to a carryback of the losses unless they make a timely election to carry the loss forward. This all depends on the taxpayer’s unique situation.
There is typically a limit to the number of years a loss can be carried back. The NOLs are usually reported on a form 1045.